PS: 这几日整理以前的发表的博客,陆续把原创的一些内容转移过来。本文原文在 SegmentFault


首先安装以下库:

// 貌似一起安装 apt-cyg 不能识别,得一个一个得安装,有些库貌似没找到
// apt-cyg install 
openssl
pcre
zlib
automake 
bison 
curl-devel 
flex 
libiconv 
libmcrypt-devel 
libtool 
libxml2 
libxml2-devel 
patchutils 
pcre-devel 
jpeg 
libmcrypt 

配置

./configure --with-http_ssl_module --without-mail_pop3_module --without-mail_imap_module --without-mail_smtp_module

报错:

./configure: error: can not detect int size
cat: objs/autotest.c: No such file or directory

搜索解决方法:

去掉CPU优化编译选项:–with-cpu-opt=pentium

无效,本来就没有加。。。

再次搜索,得到

原因分析:
configure通过运行测试程序来获得“int、long、longlong”等数据类型的大小,由于交叉编译器所编译出的程序无法在编译主机上运行而产生错误。

解决办法:
可以通过修改configure文件来手动指定各数据类型的大小,但会非常麻烦。
这里,由于编译主机与目标平台均为32位系统,故可以用 gcc 替代 mips-openwrt-linux-gcc 来进行数据类型大小的测试
(注意:不同的编译环境可能编译器有点不同)
编辑auto/types/sizeof文件,大概36行的位置( $CC 改为 gcc )

ngx_test="$CC $CC_TEST_FLAGS $CC_AUX_FLAGS

改为

ngx_test="gcc $CC_TEST_FLAGS $CC_AUX_FLAGS

修改后测试错误仍然存在,上述修改无效。
又找了一些方案:

增加参数跳过错误:

--with-ld-opt="-lstdc++" --with-cpp_test_module

仍然无效,估计是 nginx 版本太高(用的是 GitHub 上最新的),降低版本试试。
尝试1.2.4版本。

这时发现有些重要的库没有安装(因为不是 C 出身,对编译几乎一窍不通),偷偷地安装了下:

apt-cyg install gcc-g++

1.2.4 版本有一些友好的提示,在提示下安装了以下库:

apt-cyg install libpcre-devel
apt-cyg install openssl-devel

再次 configure,显示

Configuration summary
  + using system PCRE library
  + using system OpenSSL library
  + md5: using OpenSSL library
  + sha1: using OpenSSL library
  + using system zlib library
  nginx path prefix: "/usr/local/nginx"
  nginx binary file: "/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx"
  nginx configuration prefix: "/usr/local/nginx/conf"
  nginx configuration file: "/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf"
  nginx pid file: "/usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid"
  nginx error log file: "/usr/local/nginx/logs/error.log"
  nginx http access log file: "/usr/local/nginx/logs/access.log"
  nginx http client request body temporary files: "client_body_temp"
  nginx http proxy temporary files: "proxy_temp"
  nginx http fastcgi temporary files: "fastcgi_temp"
  nginx http uwsgi temporary files: "uwsgi_temp"
  nginx http scgi temporary files: "scgi_temp"

通过。

下面 make,最终提示:

objs/ngx_modules.o \
-lcrypt -lpcre -lssl -lcrypto -lz
make[1]: Leaving directory '/home/Tony/source/nginx-1.2.4'
make -f objs/Makefile manpage
make[1]: Entering directory '/home/Tony/source/nginx-1.2.4'
sed -e "s|%%PREFIX%%|/usr/local/nginx|" \
        -e "s|%%PID_PATH%%|/usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid|" \
        -e "s|%%CONF_PATH%%|/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf|" \
        -e "s|%%ERROR_LOG_PATH%%|/usr/local/nginx/logs/error.log|" \
        < man/nginx.8 > objs/nginx.8
make[1]: Leaving directory '/home/Tony/source/nginx-1.2.4'

貌似应该是成功了。

最后 make install,提示:

Tony@TPX240 ~/source/nginx-1.2.4
$ make install
make -f objs/Makefile install
make[1]: Entering directory '/home/Tony/source/nginx-1.2.4'
test -d '/usr/local/nginx' || mkdir -p '/usr/local/nginx'
test -d '/usr/local/nginx/sbin'                 || mkdir -p '/usr/local/nginx/sbin'
test ! -f '/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx'                 || mv '/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx'                     '/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx.old'
cp objs/nginx '/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx'
test -d '/usr/local/nginx/conf'                 || mkdir -p '/usr/local/nginx/conf'
cp conf/koi-win '/usr/local/nginx/conf'
cp conf/koi-utf '/usr/local/nginx/conf'
cp conf/win-utf '/usr/local/nginx/conf'
test -f '/usr/local/nginx/conf/mime.types'              || cp conf/mime.types '/usr/local/nginx/conf'
cp conf/mime.types '/usr/local/nginx/conf/mime.types.default'
test -f '/usr/local/nginx/conf/fastcgi_params'          || cp conf/fastcgi_params '/usr/local/nginx/conf'
cp conf/fastcgi_params          '/usr/local/nginx/conf/fastcgi_params.default'
test -f '/usr/local/nginx/conf/fastcgi.conf'            || cp conf/fastcgi.conf '/usr/local/nginx/conf'
cp conf/fastcgi.conf '/usr/local/nginx/conf/fastcgi.conf.default'
test -f '/usr/local/nginx/conf/uwsgi_params'            || cp conf/uwsgi_params '/usr/local/nginx/conf'
cp conf/uwsgi_params            '/usr/local/nginx/conf/uwsgi_params.default'
test -f '/usr/local/nginx/conf/scgi_params'             || cp conf/scgi_params '/usr/local/nginx/conf'
cp conf/scgi_params             '/usr/local/nginx/conf/scgi_params.default'
test -f '/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf'              || cp conf/nginx.conf '/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf'
cp conf/nginx.conf '/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf.default'
test -d '/usr/local/nginx/logs'                 || mkdir -p '/usr/local/nginx/logs'
test -d '/usr/local/nginx/logs' ||              mkdir -p '/usr/local/nginx/logs'
test -d '/usr/local/nginx/html'                 || cp -R html '/usr/local/nginx'
test -d '/usr/local/nginx/logs' ||              mkdir -p '/usr/local/nginx/logs'
make[1]: Leaving directory '/home/Tony/source/nginx-1.2.4'

因为我 Win 本地也配置了 Nginx,所以用 whereis 命令查看 Nginx 的时候出现以下情况:

Tony@TPX240 ~/source/nginx-1.2.4
$ whereis nginx
nginx: /usr/local/nginx /cygdrive/c/dev/nginx.bat /cygdrive/c/dev/nginx-1.2.3/nginx.exe

nginx -v 出来的版本号也是 1.2.3 (Win 本地的版本号)

但写全路径就可以看到 1.2.4,说明安装成功,下面看下能不能跑。

$ /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx.exe -v
nginx version: nginx/1.2.4

看到一个参数比较全的配置:

./configure --prefix=/cygdrive/d/nginx --sbin-path=/cygdrive/d/nginx --with-cc-opt="-D FD_SETSIZE=4096" --with-rtsig_module --with-select_module --with-poll_module --with-http_ssl_module --with-http_realip_module --with-http_addition_module --with-http_xslt_module --with-http_sub_module --with-http_dav_module --with-http_flv_module --with-http_gzip_static_module --with-http_random_index_module --with-http_secure_link_module --with-http_stub_status_module --with-mail --with-cpp_test_module--with-mail_ssl_module
make && make install

运行 nginx,出现错误:

$ /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx.exe
nginx: [emerg] the maximum number of files supported by select() is 64

表示FD_SETSIZE的值比nginx配置文件中worker_connections指令所指定的值,你可以把 nginx.conf 里的 worker_connections 选项改小一些,比如44,加了 --with-cc-opt="-D FD_SETSIZE=4096" 后就不会碰到这问题

我的 nginx.conf 文件在 /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf

改为 64后,nginx 正常启动。

参考文章:
http://www.softwareprojects.com/resources/programming/t-how-to-install-nginx-php-php-fpm-and-mysql-under-1616.html
http://blog.csdn.net/fish43237/article/details/40515897
http://blog.csdn.net/chenyujing1234/article/details/7540362


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